Our fascination with Antarctica has been going on for a long time. They all love Antarctica and its icy landscapes, from the first explorers of the 1800s to the brave scientists of today.
Antarctica is very good at keeping them hidden because of its extremes when it comes to secrets.People can’t live in Antarctica because of its extreme weather, subzero temperatures, and deserted landscapes. The ice-covered continent is about 1.5 times the size of the United States. It has 90% of the world’s ice.
As a result of their research, scientists have found crimson blood waterfalls, strange natural phenomena, and amazing animals. This hasn’t stopped them from going on. They’ve even found a whole world beneath the ice, from salty subsurface lakes to a vast mountain range that’s hidden beneath the surface.
A bottomless lake.
People who study science have been interested in the Deep Lake in East Antarctica for years. When the lake is at its deepest point, about 55 meters below sea level, its salinity increases.
Tourists love it because it’s saltier than the Dead Sea and ten times saltier than the ocean. Even though the temperature at the bottom is as low as -20oC, the water does not freeze.
The lake’s ecosystem is one of the world’s least productive, but it is also excellent. This makes it almost impossible to live there. It doesn’t matter that most animals are afraid of these microbes. Four species have been found, though.Many penguins have been seen swimming in the lake, but the water is much colder than the ocean, putting their lives at risk.
There is a five-story waterfall on Taylor Glacier in the McMurdo Dry Valley. It flows into Lake Bonney there. People have been puzzled by this phenomenon, which looks like blood is coming out of a frozen wound.
People who live near Blood Falls get their water from an old saltwater lake covered by glaciers. This cut them off from the rest of the world, so they don’t get to use it.
When the 400-meter-deep well got saltier over time, it became three times saltier than seawater and could not be frozen, making it impossible to move.
Seawater also has a lot of iron, but it doesn’t have oxygen or sunlight. It turns a dark crimson color when the iron-rich glacier water seeps through a crack and is exposed to the sun, rain, and snow.You’ll need to be on a helicopter or a cruise ship in the Ross Sea to see this scary thing.
The strangest of the weird
Animals from all over the world live in Antarctica, even though it’s an icy, snowy place. The coldest temperature ever recorded was -89.4°C, and it was the coldest ever.Once thought to be uninhabitable, scientists have found a wide range of strange creatures that can live in the harsh conditions found beneath the enormous glaciers.From tiny bacteria to squids as giant as dinner plates to long-legged, golden-bristled spiders with sharp jaws, the ocean has a lot of different kinds of life.If you look hard enough, you can even find clear icefish. You can see strange creatures with big eyes and clear skin through their bodies. Antifreeze glycoproteins in the fish keep them from being able to live in warmer water. Blood is red because it has a hemoglobin protein that makes it look that way.Fossilized trees rise above a lush rainforest filled with fossils from long ago.Over many millions of years, Antarctica has changed very unusually. There were jungles and maybe even civilizations in this warm area before the Ice Age started.
The idea came from the discovery of fossilized wood, evidence of tropical trees, and leaf impressions that show there were rainforests in Antarctica at one point in time.